Tuesday, 29 March 2011


Punjab is one of India's most beautiful states. The century old Punjabi culture is renowned for its tolerance, progressive and logical approach to life. The state is the location of one of the world's first and oldest civilizations - the Indus Valley Civilization. Above all, the warmth and hospitality of the people are the main attractions in this region. Punjab has many things to offer to an enthusiast who wants to explore it. Some of the main cities in Punjab are Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Patiala. Punjab has a vast public transportation network, which provides excellent tourist transportation.

Giddha - Folk Dance
Punjab is bounded on the northwest of India surrounded by Pakistan on the west, the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan to its south. It covers a geographical area of 50,362 sq. km, which is 1.54 % of country’s total geographical area. Punjab state is located between 29° 30' N to 32° 32' N latitude and between 73° 55' E to 76° 50' E longitude. Its average elevation is 300 m from the sea level.

Punjab fulfills the dream of a perfect traveler. This north Indian state is a perfect destination for pilgrimage tour in the country. The world’s largest gurudwara – the Golden Temple is here which attracts millions of devotees from across the whole world to see its inimitable architecture. Apart from gurudwaras, the land is also studded with historical monuments, temples, churches, mosques and a number of other holy shrines that remain unexplored.

Tourism in Punjab is principally suited for the tourist interested in culture, ancient civilization, and spirituality and epic history. Punjab has a rich history incorporating Sikhism and Hinduism. Along with the celebrated Punjabi culture, the royal Punjabi palaces, historic battles, shrines, temples and examples of Sikh Architecture.

Punjab, the land of five rivers and integrated cultural history, is a treasure trove for an avid tourist. For this land of great Gurus not only boasts of ancient monuments but throbs with historical embodiments. It is no secret that whoever comes to this land of yellow fields with Blue Mountains providing the romantic and picturesque backdrop has never gone back without imbibing the essence of Punjab.

There is no dearth of breathtaking palaces, for Punjab was the seat of royalty, as the imposing Quila Mubarak will tell you. Museums galore and so are the religious places with the Golden Temple offering succor to the mind and soul of anyone visiting. If you are a wild life freak, then Punjab can take you on a tour of sanctuaries, which are hot favourites with migratory birds. Since this State Borders Pakistan, there are two main posts, from which you can peep into the land that was once the integral part of Punjab and experience the feelings of the people separated by a line.

Currently tourism is a swiftly expanding sector in Punjab. Punjab is to be India's favourite destination sooner.

Places to See:

Amritsar – Ram Tirath - Sarai Amanat Khan -Wagha Border – Amritsar

Ram Tirath takes us back to the times of Ramayana, at Sarai Amanat Khan we come down to a highway inn of the Mughul times, at Wagha Border we suddenly land into the present. The pageant of the beating of the retreat and the change of guard within handshaking distance of the Indian and Pakistani forces here makes the most charming of the spectacles as a daily evening drill. Ascertain the timings before you leave to see this spectacle since these are changed seasonally.

Wagha Border
Amritsar - Dera Baba Nanak -Qadian-Kala naur-Gurdaspur-Pathankot

At Dera Baba Nanak the first Prophet of Sikhism, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji spent the last days of his life. At the historic Gurudwara built in his memory holy robes that were presented to him at Mecca are still preserved. Qadian is the home of the founder of the Ahmedyia Sect of the Muslims. At Kalanaur, Akbar-the-great was coroneted. Pathankot is India's link city to the State of Jammu and Kashmir and the best tourist destinations of Himachal Pradesh.

Dera Baba Nanak
Amritsar- TarnTaran- Hari-Ke-Pattan- Goindwal Sahib -Sultanpur Lodhi Kapurthala( Kanjli lake) –Jalandhar

Kapur Thala
A majestic gurudwara with a golden dome and a large holy pool having healing powers is built at Tarn Taran in the memory of 5th Prophet of Sikhism, Sri Guru Arjan Dev ji.Hari-Ke-Pattan is a wild life sanctuary of international fame. Goindwal Sahib was the seat of Sikhism during the lifetime of the 3rd Prophet of Sikhism Sri Guru Amar Dass ji. It has a deep well with 84 steps. The faithful say that if you recite Jap Ji Sahib, a composition of the first Prophet of Sikhism at each step after a bath you cross the cycle of 84,000 lives and attain moksh. At Sultanpur lodhi Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji spent 12 years in the service of Nawab Daulat Khan Lodhi. It was from here in 1500 A.D. that he had begun his first holy travel towards the east and the south to preach the Word of God. Kapurthala is renowned for beautiful palaces and buildings. Kanjli Lake receives several species of migratory birds and is a fulfilling picnic spot.

Amritsar - Baba Bakala – Kartarpur – Jalandhar

At Baba Bakala the 9th Prophet of Sikhism Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji had revealed himself to Makhan Shah Lobana. The 5th Prophet of Sikhism founded Kartarpur. The authenticated, handwritten copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib complied and edited by him and having his seal is located here. It is also famous for the manufacture quality world-furniture. Jalandhar is the oldest city of Punjab. Today it is internationally famous for the manufacture of sports goods and landmarks connected with the Hindu religion.

Chandigarh, Ropar (Rup Nagar), Anandpur Sahib, Bhakra - Nangal, Ropar, Chandigarh

Anandpur Sahib
Bhakra Nangal Dam
Ropar is famous for its archeological funds. The valley of river Sutlej, from Kiratpur Sahib to Anandpur Sahib was the seat of Sikhism for almost 80 years and is full of historical gurudwara, Takhat Sri Keshgarh Sahib being the most important because on the day of Baisakhi in 1699 the 10th Prophet of Sikhism had consummated the Sikh into the Khalsa -saint soldier. Within Ropar town there is a wetland thrown up by river Sutlej. The valley is also full of historical landmarks. At Bhakra we have the world's highest straight gravity dam.

Ludhiana - Moga - Ferozepur - Bhatinda - Malout - Muktsar-Faridkot

Damdama Sahib
Ludhiana is Punjab's home of industry and famous Punjab Agriculture University. At Moga the multinational Nestle Company manufactures a large variety of food specialties. The border town of Ferozepur is known for its memorials to the freedom fighters of India. At a nearby town on Ferozepur- Moga road called Zira a beautiful Jain Swetembar Temple with ancient icons and wall paintings is located. Bathinda has an 1800 years old fort and a multinational firm Pepsi has set up plants here to manufacture Agro products. Malout is an old mandi town,where produce from surrounding areas is brought for sale. Muktsar is connected with the victory of the Sikh forces commanded by the 10th Prophet Sri Guru Gobind Singh over the Mughal forces of the Governor of Sirhind in 1705. Faridkot, the capital of erstwhile Phulkian state, is famous for its fort and palace having remarkable paintings, mirror - work and frescoes designed all over their walls.

Patiala-Nabha-Malerkotla - Ludhiana - Fatehgarh Sahib - Chandigarh

Nabha Fort
Moti Bagh Palace
Patiala is renowned for its palaces, museums, sports, cuisine, fashionware. Nabha a smaller State became famous as the venue of the freedom struggle where Pandit Nehru had come to court arrest. Horlicks, the British firm runs a flourishing tonic food plant here to enrich beverages. Malerkotla is a Muslim Pathan state in Punjab . When the Governor of Sirhind had ordered the entombment of the two younger holy sons of the 10th Sikh Prophet,Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the ancestor of the Nawab of Malerkotla had protested. In recognition of this act this state was not molested during the holocaust of 1947. For embroidery , insignias and handiwork artifacts Malerkotla is famous in India. Fatehgarh Sahib and Sirhind nearby have several historical buildings, especially of the Muslim era. Chandigarh is an ideal starting point for visiting Punjab.

Rock Garden

Jalandhar-Hoshiarpur, either back to Jalandhar or Ropar-Chandigarh

Connected both by rail and road the old town of Hoshiarpur is famous for its Vedic Research Institute, Bhrigusamhita system of astrology, manufactures, especially, inlay work and lacquer finish furniture, musical instruments and an archaeological museum.


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