Wednesday, 25 May 2011

Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

Gwalior is a city in Madhya Pradesh, India, lying 122 kilometres (76 mi) south of Agra, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. Gwalior is the administrative headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division.

The Gwalior Fort has changed hands many times, from the Tomaras in the 8th century it passed on to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindia's (1754), followed briefly by Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, Tatiya Tope and the British.

Maharaj Bada is the biggest and most important market of Gwalior. Seven ancient buildings of different styles of architecture (Italian, Russian, Mughal, Rajputi, Chinese, etc.) can be viewed.

Gopachal Parvat is situated on the mountainous terrain at the slopes of Gwalior Fort. Gopachal Parvat contains unique statues of Jain Tirthankaras. The idol of Lord Parshvanath seated on a lotus (carved out of a single stone) is the largest in the world, towering at 47 feet in height and 30 feet in breadth. There is a series of 26 Jain statues in a single line. Built between 1398 and 1536 by Tomar kings, these Jain Tirthankar statues are one of a kind in architecture and a treasure trove of old Indian heritage and culture. Gopachal Parvat is located approximately 2 km from the railway station and bus stand.

Gwalior Fort: Babar used to say about this fort that it was a pearl among the fortresses of India.

Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai, a famous freedom fighter, at Phoolbag area.

Vivswaan Mandir (Surya Mandir), made by Ghanshyam Das Birla in 1986, is an excellent example of architecture. This temple is similar to Konark's sun temple.

Jai Vilas Palace is close to the heart of the city; it was patterned on the Palace of Versailles, combining Tuscan, Italian and Corinthian styles of architecture.

Gwalior trade fair was started in 1905 by Maharaja Madho Rao, king of Gwalior. It has become the biggest fair of Madhya Pradesh and, indeed, one of the most colorful fairs of the whole India. it starts in the second week of January and continues until February.

Modern 5D is the MP's first multi-dimensional theater launched in the 2011 trade fair of Gwalior. Modern 5D is recognized as India's first own multi-dimensional theater.

Tighra Dam: located on outskirts of city, Tighra is a nice place for an outing.

Tansen's tomb: Gwalior is the birthplace of the famous musician Tansen. He was one of the nine gems of Akbar.

Roop Singh Stadium is a cricket ground. The ground has flood lights and has hosted day-night encounters as well. One match of 1996 Cricket World Cup was also played on this ground between India and West Indies. On this ground, Sachin Tendulkar was the first and to date the only person in world to achieve 200 runs in ODIs.

Zoo, famous for its unique collection of animals.Another digital zoo is also under construction.

City Mall, one of the biggest malls of Madhya Pradesh. A multi-storied grand structure, it houses shops and showrooms of many national and international brands and has a number of eateries, and a Fun Cinemas multiplex.

Shyam Vatika is a banquet hall which has the world's largest indoor mural recognized by Guinness World Records.

Sun City is one of the biggest family entertainment centres of Madhya Pradesh............

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