Monday, 23 May 2011

Sikkim : Mayel Lyang; Yuksom

Sikkim : Mayel Lyang; Yuksom, one of the fortified place; ,i.e. the Goodly Region, or Shikim, Shikimpati or Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. The state borders Nepal to the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China to the north and east, and Bhutan to the southeast. The state of West Bengal borders Sikkim to its south.

With just slightly over 500,000 permanent residents, Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa in total area. Despite its small area of 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi), Sikkim is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas. The climate ranges from sub-tropical to high alpine. Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim's border with Nepal. Sikkim is a popular tourist destination, owing to its culture, scenery and biodiversity.

Legend has it that the Buddhist saint Guru Rinpoche visited Sikkim in the 9th century, introduced Buddhism and foretold the era of the monarchy. Indeed, the Namgyal dynasty was established in 1642. Over the next 150 years, the kingdom witnessed frequent raids and territorial losses to Nepalese invaders. It allied itself with the British rulers of India, but was soon annexed by them. Later, Sikkim became a British protectorate, before merging with India following a referendum in 1975.

English is taught in schools and used in government documents. Sikkim is the only state in India with an ethnic Nepalese majority. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Gangtok is the capital and the largest town. Sikkim has a booming economy dependent on agriculture and tourism, and has the only open border between India and China.

Places to See:

Aritar Lake (Ghati-Tso)

Baba Harbhajan Singh Memorial Temple

Bakthang Waterfalls

Ban Jhakri Falls


Borong Ralong Hot Spring

Botanical Garden

Buddha Park (Sakyamuni Project)


Directorate Of Handicrafts & Handlooms (DHH)

Do Drul Choten

Dubdi Monastery

Enchey Monastery

Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary

Ganesh Tok

Gangtok Ropeway

Gonjang Monastery

Gurudongmar Lake

Hanuman Tok

Himalayan (Bulbuley) Zoological Park

Khangchendzonga Waterfalls

Khecheopalri Lake

Labrang Monastery

Maenam Hill

Namchi Rock Garden


Phamrong Waterfalls

Seven Sisters Waterfalls

Shiva Mandir, Legship

Yumthang (Valley of Flower)


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