Thursday, 23 June 2011

Patna, Bihar

Patna is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the second largest city in Eastern India. Patna is also one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta, Pala and Suri dynasties.The modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of the Ganga. The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. 

Pataliputra was also a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period was about 400,000. The walled old area, known locally as Patna City, is a major trading centre.

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna is also a sacred city for Sikhs. The Sikh Guru,Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.
Places to See:

Gandhi Setu was built to connect Patna with Hajipur. The bridge also connects north and south Bihar. The bridge is 5450 meters in length and the longest in the world.

Phulwari Sharif is an important medieval and religious city of Bihar. It is located seven kilometers away from the Patna. This place has a long and rich religious history that is closely attached with the birth and development of the Sufi culture in our country.

Maner Sharif is located 25 kilometres west of Patna on NH 30. It is also called Maner. It is a popular medieval site and a notified area in Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar. Maner enjoys position of one of the chief spiritual centers in India. Maner Sharif houses two very popular Muslim tombs:
  • One of Makhdoom Yahya Maneri, known as the Bari Dargah.
  • Another of Shah Daulat or Makhdum Daulat, popularly called Chhoti Dargah.

Hajipur was known as Ukkacala in ancient times. According to Buddhist scriptures, Lord Buddha gave one of his many discourses at Ukkacala.

Sher Shah Suri was a celebrated Afghan ruler and a good administrator. He erected this mosque at Patna to commemorate his victory over the Mughal emperor Humanyun.

Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park

Owing to its huge size, Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is considered among one of the biggest zoos in India. The park houses more than three hundred species of trees including of orchids, ferns and roses.

Patna Museum

Patna Museum was established in the year 1917. The aim behind the establishment of the museum was to impart a scientific vision to understand the evolution of history. Kumhrar is the site that consists of the archaeological excavations of Patliputra and marks the ancient capital of Ajatshatru.


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